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Failed Smog Test
 

1995 Chevy Blazer s10 Fuel Evaporative Controls functional test failed.

How do I fix my Chevy Blazer's EVAP system? It failed the LPFET test.


Answer:  

Let's learn how the EVAP test also known as LPFET (low pressure fuel evaporative test) was done. The LPFET test is conducted by a BAR approved Low Pressure Fuel Evaporative Test machine. A pressure hose is connected to your Chevy Blazer's gas filler. This is where the gas cap goes. Your Chevy's EVAP system and gas tank is pressurized 0.5-1.0 psi (14"-28" column of water) and pressure drop measured for 2 minutes. The allowable drop is .40 psi. Anything greater then .40 psi shows a leaking EVAP system. The data is entered into the smog machine, and your Chevy Blazer fails the smog test.

 

The EVAP system is designed to prevent the release of gasoline vapors into the atmosphere. All EVAP systems have one similar component, which is the Charcoal Canister. The Charcoal Canister stores gasoline vapors from the vehicle's fuel tank and carburetor float bowl if your car is carbureted, until the engine is ready to burn them during acceleration or cold starts. The number one fault which causes vehicle's to fail the EVAP test is broken, loose or disconnected EVAP fuel lines.

 

It is necessary to trace the entire EVAP system in order to find the defective section and/or component. We recommend an experienced smog check repair center conduct this repair as broken EVAP hoses may be difficult to find for the average vehicle owner. If you have mechanical experience you may try to follow the EVAP route yourself.


posted by SmogTips Support 11-15-2010 12:55 PM